What is Diabetes – Diabetes is a decease in which the ability to convert blood glucose means blood sugar into energy is reduced or lost.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that affects an important function of your body, in which your body converts food into energy.
In this article, we are going to tell you what is diabetes, What is Blood Sugar, What is Insulin, types of diabetes, what is type 1 diabetes, what is type 2 diabetes, what is gestational diabetes? What is Hba1c. Also, we are going to give information about what is Gestational Diabetes and Prediabetes in detail. But first, know what is blood sugar?
Table of Contents
- What is Diabetes?
- Types of Diabetes
- What is Hba1c
What is Blood Sugar ? | What is Blood Glucose ?
Most of the food you eat is converted by the digestive system into sugar (also known as glucose) which is released into your bloodstream. This sugar after mixing in the blood is known as blood sugar.
Now, when your blood sugar rises after you release sugar, your body signals an organ called the pancreas to release a hormone called insulin. The function of this hormone is to signal your body’s cells to use blood sugar as energy. It is only after receiving these signals that the cells of the body begin to use blood sugar to produce energy for themselves.
If you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use as much insulin as it makes. When there isn’t enough insulin due to the body can’t produce them or cells stop responding to signals sent by insulin, too much blood sugar builds up in your bloodstream because it’s not used. Over time, this problem can lead to very serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.
What is Insulin?
Insulin is a hormone made by the islets in the pancreas, whose function is to signal or command the cells of the body to use the sugar present in the blood. Due to the lack of insulin in the body, the blood sugar is not able to use it, due to which the amount of sugar in the blood increases. If this condition persists for a long time, then the person becomes a patient of diabetes.
Types of Diabetes
There are mainly 3 types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy).
What is Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a problem due to which our immune system deteriorates. Due to an autoimmune reaction, our immune system mistakenly attacks the body itself and prevents the body from making insulin. The body stops producing insulin and there is a lack of insulin, due to which the blood sugar in the blood increases, and the person becomes a victim of diabetes.
About 5-10% of people with diabetes develop type 1 diabetes. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often develop quickly and become visible. Type 1 diabetes most commonly affects children, adolescents, and young adults.
If you have type 1 diabetes, you will need to take insulin in the form of tablets or injections daily to survive.
What is Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin is made in the body of people suffering from type 2 diabetes, but their body does not use insulin well, due to which it is not possible to maintain the level of sugar in the blood at a normal level.
About 90-95% of people with diabetes suffer from type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes develops over many years and symptoms usually appear in adults. You may not notice any symptoms in children, teenagers, and young adults, so if you have the slightest doubt, get your blood sugar tested.
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by making healthy lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, eating healthy foods, and staying active.
What is Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes develops in pregnant women who have never had diabetes. If you have gestational diabetes, your baby may be at a higher risk of health problems in his future life.
Gestational diabetes usually goes away after your baby is born but you are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in your future life. Not only this, your child is more likely to develop a dangerous disease like obesity in childhood or adolescence, and the chances of developing type 2 diabetes later in life also increase.
What is Prediabetes
In prediabetes, blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to cause symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
You can get a blood sugar test done to diagnose prediabetes and if you have prediabetes, making changes in your lifestyle and eating habits can help control it and help prevent it.
What is Hba1c
The full form of Hba1c is hemoglobin A1c or HbA1c or Glycosylated Haemoglobin. It is a form of hemoglobin that contains sugar. The level of Glycosylated haemoglobin is higher in diabetic patients.
A glycated hemoglobin test also called Hba1c test. A normal HbA1c level should be between 4% and 5.6%, which means it should be between 68 and 100 mg/dL. If someone’s level is higher than this. So it means that he is in the early stage of diabetes. And if someone’s level is above 5.7% and 6.4%. So it means that he is completely suffering from diabetes.
We hope you found this information about what is diabetes, What is Blood Sugar, What is Insulin, types of diabetes, what is type 1 diabetes, what is type 2 diabetes, what is gestational diabetes? What is Hba1c topic useful and worthy.