Can You Eat Tuna Raw? Understanding the Risks and Benefits

Spread the love

Tuna is a popular fish that is enjoyed by many people around the world. It can be cooked in a variety of ways, but some people wonder if it is safe to eat raw. In this article, we will explore the risks and benefits of consuming raw tuna. But

Can You Eat Tuna Raw?

Yes, you can eat tuna raw, but it’s important to choose sushi-grade tuna that has been properly handled and stored to minimize the risk of foodborne illness. It’s also important to consume raw tuna in moderation due to the potential presence of mercury.

This is just a simple answer to this question but if you want to learn about all aspects of this topic, keep reading this blog till the end.

Is It Safe to Eat Raw Tuna?

Raw tuna is generally safe to eat, but there are risks involved with consuming raw fish, including the potential for parasites and bacterial contamination. It is recommended to buy sushi-grade tuna from a reputable source and follow proper food handling and preparation techniques to minimize the risk of illness.

Risks of Eating Raw Tuna

Eating raw tuna can be risky due to the potential for foodborne illness. Tuna can carry parasites, bacteria, and viruses that can make people sick. The risk is especially high if the tuna is not handled and stored properly.

Here are some potential risks of eating raw tuna:

  • Mercury Poisoning: Raw tuna can contain high levels of mercury, which can be harmful to human health and cause mercury poisoning.
  • Parasites: Raw tuna can contain parasites like worms that can cause foodborne illnesses.
  • Histamine Poisoning: Raw tuna can also cause histamine poisoning, which can occur when fish is not stored at the proper temperature and causes histamine levels to increase.
  • Allergic Reactions: Some people may also be allergic to raw tuna or fish in general and can experience allergic reactions.
  • Foodborne Illnesses: Eating raw tuna increases the risk of foodborne illnesses, especially if it has not been properly handled or prepared.

Despite the risks, raw tuna can be a nutritious addition to a healthy diet. It is high in protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and other essential nutrients. Raw tuna is also low in calories, making it a great option for those who are watching their weight.

Also Read: Can We Eat Chicken During Fever? A Complete Manual

Health Benefits of Eating Raw Tuna

Here are some potential health benefits of eating raw tuna:

  1. Rich in Protein: Tuna is a great source of high-quality protein. Eating raw tuna can provide you with essential amino acids, which help build and repair muscle tissue.
  2. High in Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Raw tuna is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which are essential for heart health. Omega-3 fatty acids help lower blood pressure, reduce inflammation, and improve overall heart function.
  3. Boosts Brain Function: Omega-3 fatty acids found in raw tuna also help improve brain function. They are essential for brain development and can help improve memory and concentration.
  4. Low in Calories: Raw tuna is a low-calorie food that can help with weight loss. It is also low in fat, making it a healthier option than other protein sources like beef or pork.
  5. Rich in Vitamins and Minerals: Raw tuna is also rich in vitamins and minerals such as vitamin B12, vitamin D, selenium, and potassium. These nutrients are essential for maintaining good health and reducing the risk of chronic diseases.

However, it is important to note that these health benefits may not be applicable to all types of raw tuna and that consuming raw fish also carries potential risks.

Can You Eat Tuna Raw?
Can You Eat Tuna Raw?

Different Ways To Enjoy Raw Tuna

There are many ways to enjoy raw tuna, including:

  1. Sashimi: Thinly sliced raw tuna served with soy sauce, wasabi, and pickled ginger.
  2. Poke: A Hawaiian dish consisting of bite-sized cubes of raw tuna mixed with seasonings and sauces like soy sauce, sesame oil, and chili pepper.
  3. Tartare: Raw tuna finely chopped and mixed with ingredients like avocado, cucumber, and sesame seeds.
  4. Ceviche: Raw tuna marinated in citrus juices like lime or lemon and mixed with ingredients like onion, cilantro, and chili peppers.
  5. Carpaccio: Thinly sliced raw tuna served with a drizzle of olive oil, lemon juice, and capers.
  6. Hand rolls: Raw tuna rolled up in seaweed and rice with other ingredients like avocado and cucumber.
  7. Nigiri sushi: Raw tuna served on top of a small ball of sushi rice.
  8. Maki sushi: Raw tuna rolled up in sushi rice and seaweed with other ingredients like avocado and cucumber.
  9. Tuna tataki: Raw tuna seared on the outside and sliced thinly, often served with a citrus-based dipping sauce.
  10. Tuna Crudo: Raw tuna served with a simple marinade of olive oil, lemon juice, and salt.

How to Safely Prepare Raw Tuna

If you choose to eat raw tuna, it’s important to take precautions to prevent foodborne illness. Here are some steps to safely prepare raw tuna:

  1. Purchase high-quality sushi-grade tuna from a reputable supplier. Look for tuna that has been frozen to kill any parasites.
  2. Store the tuna properly in the refrigerator or freezer until you are ready to use it. Make sure to keep it away from other foods to prevent cross-contamination.
  3. Thaw frozen tuna in the refrigerator or in a sealed plastic bag submerged in cold water. Avoid thawing at room temperature.
  4. Use a clean, sharp knife to cut the tuna into small, uniform pieces. Discard any pieces that look discolored or have an unusual smell.
  5. Wash your hands and all utensils and surfaces that came into contact with the raw tuna with hot, soapy water.
  6. Serve the tuna immediately or keep it chilled until you’re ready to serve. Don’t leave it at room temperature for more than two hours.

By following these steps, you can safely enjoy raw tuna without putting yourself at risk of foodborne illness.

Alternatives to Raw Tuna

If you’re looking for alternatives to raw tuna, there are plenty of options available:

  1. Cooked Tuna: Cooked tuna can be a great substitute for raw tuna. You can grill, bake, or sear it and then slice it thinly to use in sushi, salads, or sandwiches.
  2. Salmon: Salmon is another popular fish used in sushi and sashimi. It has a similar texture to tuna and is rich in omega-3 fatty acids.
  3. Yellowtail: Yellowtail, also known as hamachi, is a popular sushi fish that has a mild, buttery flavor and a tender texture.
  4. Shrimp: Cooked shrimp can be a delicious substitute for raw tuna in sushi rolls or poke bowls.
  5. Tofu: For a vegetarian or vegan option, tofu can be a great substitute for raw tuna. Marinate it in soy sauce and sesame oil for added flavor.
  6. Jackfruit: Jackfruit can also be a good vegan option for those who enjoy the texture of raw tuna. Marinate it in soy sauce and rice vinegar to give it a savory flavor.

Remember, it’s important to choose high-quality, sustainably-sourced seafood, regardless of whether it’s raw or cooked.


While raw tuna can be risky, it can also be a healthy and delicious addition to your diet if prepared and consumed safely. By following proper handling and storage guidelines, you can reduce the risk of foodborne illness and enjoy the many benefits of raw tuna.

Some Important Questions and Their Answers

Is it safe to eat tuna raw?

Yes, it can be safe to eat raw tuna if it has been properly handled and prepared.

What are the risks of eating raw tuna?

Raw tuna can contain harmful bacteria and parasites that can cause foodborne illness.

How can I reduce the risk of getting sick from raw tuna?

You can reduce the risk by purchasing high-quality tuna from a reputable source, storing it properly, and preparing it carefully.

Is sushi made with raw tuna safe to eat?

Sushi made with raw tuna can be safe to eat if it has been handled and prepared properly.

What is sashimi?

Sashimi is a Japanese dish that consists of thinly sliced raw fish, including raw tuna.

Can I eat canned tuna raw?

It is not recommended to eat canned tuna raw because it has been cooked and processed, and may not be safe to consume raw.

What are some health benefits of eating raw tuna?

Raw tuna is a good source of protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and other essential nutrients.

Can pregnant women eat raw tuna?

Pregnant women are advised to avoid eating raw tuna due to the risk of mercury exposure.

What is poke?

Poke is a Hawaiian dish that typically consists of raw tuna, rice, and vegetables.

How can I tell if raw tuna is fresh?

Fresh raw tuna should have a bright, shiny appearance and a mild sea-like aroma. The flesh should be firm to the touch and should not have a slimy texture.


This article explains detailed information about Can You Eat Tuna Raw?, Is It Safe to Eat Raw Tuna?, Risks of Eating Raw Tuna, the Health Benefits of Eating Raw Tuna, Different Ways To Enjoy Raw Tuna, How to Safely Prepare Raw Tuna, Alternatives to Raw Tuna, etc. We hope you’ll find everything you need to know.