Cervical Types, Causes, Symptoms

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Every person definitely suffers from the problem of cervical Pain at one time or the other. Earlier it was considered only a problem of the elderly, but in today’s modern life, two-thirds of the world’s population is suffering from this problem. In this article, we are going to give information about the types of cervical.

How many types of cervical are there?

There are three types of spondylosis based on affecting different parts of the body. Cervical spondylosis, lumbar spondylosis, ankylosing spondylosis.

Also read: Headache is a Symptom of many diseases 

Table of Contents

Cervical Pain

Cervical pain, also known as cervicalgia, is a type of pain that is felt in the cervical (upper) region of the spine, which is made up of the 7 vertebrae that are located in the neck.

Causes of Cervical Pain

Cervical pain can be caused by a variety of conditions, including:

  1. Degenerative disc disease: This occurs when the discs between the cervical vertebrae begin to deteriorate, which can lead to pain, stiffness, and limited range of motion.
  2. Herniated disc: A herniated disc occurs when the gel-like center of a spinal disc bulges out and presses on a nearby nerve, causing pain and other symptoms.
  3. Spinal stenosis: This condition occurs when the spinal canal becomes narrowed, which can put pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, leading to pain and other symptoms.
  4. Osteoarthritis: This is a degenerative condition that affects the joints, including those in the cervical region of the spine, causing pain and stiffness.
  5. Whiplash: This is a common type of injury that occurs when the head is suddenly and forcefully jolted back and forth, which can cause damage to the muscles, ligaments, and tendons of the neck.
  6. Poor posture: Maintaining bad posture over a long period of time can lead to muscle strain and tension, resulting in cervical pain.
  7. Other causes: Tumors, infections, or fractures of the cervical spine, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, and psychological stress can also cause cervical pain.

Symptoms of Cervical Pain

Symptoms of cervical pain include stiffness, limited range of motion, headaches, pain that radiates to the shoulders, arms, or hands, and muscle spasms or weakness.

Symptoms of cervical pain can vary depending on the underlying cause of the pain. Common symptoms include:

  1. Stiffness: Pain and stiffness in the cervical region of the spine can make it difficult to move your head and neck.
  2. Limited range of motion: The pain and stiffness may limit your ability to rotate your head or look up and down.
  3. Headaches: Cervical pain can cause headaches, especially at the base of the skull or in the forehead.
  4. Pain that radiates: Pain in the cervical region can radiate to the shoulders, arms, or hands, particularly if there is nerve compression or irritation.
  5. Muscle spasms or weakness: Cervical pain can cause muscle spasms or weakness in the neck and shoulders.
  6. Numbness or tingling: Cervical pain can cause numbness or tingling in the hands and fingers, which can indicate nerve compression.
  7. Fatigue and sleep disturbance: Chronic cervical pain can lead to fatigue and difficulty sleeping due to discomfort and pain at night.

It’s important to note that some people may experience more severe symptoms than others, depending on the underlying cause of their cervical pain.

Some people may confuse neck pain and cervical pain, so it’s important to understand the differences between the two. here is the difference between neck pain and cervical pain.

Difference between Cervical Pain and Neck Pain

Neck pain and cervical pain refer to pain that is felt in the neck and cervical (upper) region of the spine, respectively. However, the terms are often used interchangeably.

Cervical pain specifically refers to pain that is felt in the cervical region of the spine, which is made up of the 7 vertebrae that are located in the neck. Cervical pain can be caused by a variety of conditions, including degenerative disc disease, herniated disc, spinal stenosis, and osteoarthritis.

Neck pain, on the other hand, can refer to any pain that is felt in the neck area, which can include the cervical region of the spine, as well as the muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the neck. Neck pain can be caused by a variety of conditions such as muscle strain, poor posture, injury, or nerve impingements.

In summary, cervical pain specifically refers to pain in the cervical region of the spine, while neck pain refers to pain in the neck area, which can include the cervical spine and surrounding soft tissue.

Now let’s understand how many types of cervical are there and their symptoms.

Cervical Pain

Cervical Spondylosis

Pain in the neck is called cervical spondylosis. In this, there is usually pain in the lower part of the neck, collar bone, shoulders, and shoulder joint, which persists for a long time.

The difference between neck sprain and cervical spondylosis is that in the case of cervical spondylosis, there is pain in rotating the neck, as well as pain in moving the hands up and down.

Cervical spondylosis occurs when the cartilage, bones, ligaments, and bones in your neck begin to wear down with age.

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Symptoms of Cervical Spondylosis

  • neck or back pain
  • dizzy,
  • migraine,
  • mild pain or severe pain
  • sleep lethargy

Lumbar Spondylosis

When the pain in the lower back is called spine or lumbar spondylosis. Lumbar spondylitis causes inflammation in the lumbar joint of a person suffering from it, which causes back pain and neck pain.

In lumbar spondylosis, the pain gradually increases. In severe conditions, it becomes very difficult to move the neck, shoulders, and waist, and trying to move them causes a lot of pain.

In lumbar spondylitis, the fluid present in the spinal cord dries up internally, due to which the flexibility is lost and the joints open, which increases the chances of breaking bones.

When the disease becomes severe, the problem of tingling and numbness also arises in the hands and feet, sometimes in the morning the pain becomes so unbearable that the person is afraid to get up.

Symptoms of Lumbar Spondylosis

Lumbar spondylosis can have many symptoms, some of which are listed below:

  • spine pain,
  • Numbness,
  • weakness,
  • affects the lower back, and legs when standing and walking,
  • bulging disc.

Causes of Lumbar Spondylosis

Lumbar spondylosis can have many causes, some of which include:

  • old age,
  • heredity,
  • back injury,
  • lifting more than the required weight times 2,
  • repeated bending, lifting, twisting, and
  • Bad posture.

Ankylosing Spondylosis

By the way, it affects the whole body. There is pain in the joints of the spine, shoulders, and hips. In ankylosing spondylosis, all the bone joints of the body are affected.

Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disease that, over time, can cause some of the bones in the spine (vertebrae) to fuse. This fusing makes the spine less flexible and as a result, the patient is forced to stoop.

As the condition worsens, the ribs are affected, which can also make it difficult to take a deep breath.

In ankylosing spondylosis, there is severe pain in the joints mainly in the spine, shoulders, and hips. By the way, this disease affects the joints of the whole body.

Symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis

In the initial stage, some symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis start appearing like

  • early morning lower back stiffness and pain that lasts for at least 30 minutes and then subsides throughout the day or with activity
  • pain that wakes you up at night
  • Pain in one or both buttocks and sometimes in the back of the thighs.
  • pain in the heel or in your foot
  • finger or toe pain and swelling
  • Chest pain or tightness around the chest that comes on gradually.
  • Coughing or sneezing can cause discomfort or pain.
  • Bowel inflammation.
  • Fatigue is severe tiredness that doesn’t improve with sleep or rest.
  • depression and anxiety.
  • inflammation of the eye

Causes of Ankylosing Spondylitis

There is no specific cause of ankylosing spondylitis, although genetic factors appear to be involved. In particular, people who have a gene called HLA-B27 have a much higher risk of developing ankylosing spondylitis. However, only some people with the gene develop the condition.

Also read: What’s Throat Cancer Symptoms


What are the problems in the Cervical?

Due to cervical problems, the patient may have to face many problems such as neck or back pain, dizziness, migraine, mild pain or severe pain, lethargy of sleep, etc. As the problem progresses, problems like feelings of weakness or numbness in the hands, arms, and fingers also arise.


How does cervical cancer begin?

Generally, in case of neck pain, the movement of the neck is reduced by the patients, due to which the movement of the muscles also reduces and the muscles start to harden, which leads the patient to cervical condition.

How many types of cervical are there?

There are three types of spondylosis based on affecting different parts of the body. Cervical spondylosis, lumbar spondylosis, ankylosing spondylosis.

Disclaimer

This post is ||originally written in the Hindi Language. You can read it by clicking सर्वाइकल कितने प्रकार का होता है, कारण और लक्षण

This article explains detailed information about the types of cervical, Cervical spondylosis, Lumbar spondylosis, Ankylosing spondylosis, Causes of Cervical Pain, Symptoms of cervical pain, Difference between cervical pain and neck pain, and topics. We hope you’ll find everything you needed to know.

References:-

https://www.maxhealthcare.in/our-specialities/physiotherapy

https://www.thehealthsite.com/cervical-spondylosis